E621 - Glutamat de monosodi

Additiu: E621 - Glutamat de monosodi

Functions: Potenciador del gust

Monosodium glutamate -MSG, also known as sodium glutamate- is the sodium salt of glutamic acid, one of the most abundant naturally occurring non-essential amino acids. Glutamic acid is found naturally in tomatoes, grapes, cheese, mushrooms and other foods.MSG is used in the food industry as a flavor enhancer with an umami taste that intensifies the meaty, savory flavor of food, as naturally occurring glutamate does in foods such as stews and meat soups. It was first prepared in 1908 by Japanese biochemist Kikunae Ikeda, who was trying to isolate and duplicate the savory taste of kombu, an edible seaweed used as a base for many Japanese soups. MSG as a flavor enhancer balances, blends, and rounds the perception of other tastes.The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has given MSG its generally recognized as safe -GRAS- designation. A popular belief is that large doses of MSG can cause headaches and other feelings of discomfort, known as "Chinese restaurant syndrome," but double-blind tests fail to find evidence of such a reaction. The European Union classifies it as a food additive permitted in certain foods and subject to quantitative limits. MSG has the HS code 29224220 and the E number E621. - Wikipedia

Risc de sobreexposició

Avaluació de l’EFSA: Re‐evaluation of glutamic acid -E 620-, sodium glutamate -E 621-, potassium glutamate -E 622-, calcium glutamate -E 623-, ammonium glutamate -E 624- and magnesium glutamate -E 625- as food additives (2017/07/12)

Risc alt per exposició excessiva
L'Autoritat Europea de Seguretat Alimentària (EFSA) ha determinat que alguns grups de població tenen un alt risc de consumir massa %1$s E621 - Glutamat de monosodi.

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  NadonsInfantsMainadaAdolescentsAdultsGent gran
  <1d'1 a 2de 3 a 9de 10 a 17de 18 a 64més de 65
Most people
(over 50%)
Groups with more than 50% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)Groups with more than 50% of members exceeding the maximum dose without adverse effect (No observed adverse effect level - NOAEL)Groups with more than 50% of members exceeding the maximum dose without adverse effect (No observed adverse effect level - NOAEL)Groups with more than 50% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)Groups with more than 50% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI) 
Some people
(over 5%)
Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the maximum dose without adverse effect (No observed adverse effect level - NOAEL)Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the maximum dose without adverse effect (No observed adverse effect level - NOAEL)Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the maximum dose without adverse effect (No observed adverse effect level - NOAEL)Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the maximum dose without adverse effect (No observed adverse effect level - NOAEL)Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)Groups with more than 5% of members exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)

Risk of exceeding the maximum dose without adverse effect (No observed adverse effect level - NOAEL) : Risk of exceeding the maximum dose without adverse effect (No observed adverse effect level - NOAEL)

Risk of exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI) : Risk of exceeding the acceptable daily intake (ADI)

Noms: Glutamate monosodique, glutamate de sodium, monosodium glutamate, GMS, MSG

País: Espanya - Veure productes coincidents de tot el món